Skin Care Terminology and Facts Dictionary - E

earwax:also known as cerumen. Created by glands in the outer ear canal. Important for proper ear functioning. Moistens ear canal, helping to trap dust and dirt, preventing them from reaching the eardrum. Also prevents itchy ears.
Echinacea Purpurea:

also known as Purple Coneflower, flowering plant, part of the sunflower family, found wild in eastern North America. Echinacea extract is capable of phagocytosis, a process where damaged cells, bacteria and other microorganisms that cause infection are devoured. Studies have show when applied topically, echinacea can help stimulate the immune system and fight acne-causing bacteria. Echinacea has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can help reduce the appearance of red and painful acne. Also used to reduce wrinkles. Contains alkamides - compounds that help enhance antioxidant activity and renew worn-out antioxidants.

eczema:a non-infectious inflammation of sensitive skin, different from regular dry skin because it is itchy. The iching leads to scratching, which leads to a red rash, which leads to more itching and scratching. Scratching can break the skin, leading to oozing out of a watery matter. Derived from the Greek 'ekzema' for 'weeping skin'.
enrich:in the food, health and beauty industry - refers to the fact that the nutrients (vitamins and minerals) lost or destroyed during the production process of a product are "returned" or replaced prior to packaging.
Equisetum Arvense:

bonanical, also know as Field Horsetail, a herbacious perennial plant found throughout the Arctic and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Rich in vitamin A, vitamin E and vitamin C, silicon (10%) (important for health of human bone, nail, hair and skin tissues), potassium, magnesium, calcium, manganese and phosphorus, phytosterols, tannins (antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-mutogenic properties), alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, glycosides and caffeic acid phenolic ester. Extract used in skin care for its proven antiaging and anti-inflammatory benefits. Also has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties.

erosion:occurs when the skin has become damaged through infection, temperature (wind burn, frost bite, scalding, etc.), pressure or irritation. Results in loss of part or all of the epidermis (top skin layers).
exfoliant:specialty skin care products that help to remove keratinized (hardened) cells which build-up naturally on the skin's surface and in pores, ducts and follicles. Two types of exfoliants: a) Mechanical (scrubs, loofahs, etc.) and b) Chemical (Glycolic Acid, Salicylic Acid, Lactic Acid, Malic Acid, Tartaric Acid, Citric Acid and Pyruvic Acid are the best known). For detailed explanations of the differences, working, action, procedure and what to look for see Nancy K Brown Home Page - RESOURCES - GLYCOLIC.
excoriation:crust area on skin, hollowed-out or linear in shape, formed due to rubbing, picking at skin or scratching.
eye colours:people have different eye colours, percentage estimates for different eye colours in the human population are - brown: 55% - 90%; blue: 8% - 10%; green: 2%

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